Area: 564,692,669 km2
GDP: U.S. $ 96,559 billion
Coast: 1183 km
Potential activities: Beekeeping, Fruit growing, Handicrafts, Dairy, Retail Commerce, Manicultura, Civil Construction, Sheep and Goat Farming, Floriculture and Tourism.
The Bahia’s economy presented in 2006, the fourth consecutive year - since the new GDP series has been released, an increase in favorable indicator that measures the level of its internal activity. The growth rate reached 2.7% as a direct reflection of the strong performance in virtually all economic sectors of Bahia, with emphasis, especially to the service sector which showed a growth of 3.5% over 2005. The reduction in the rhythm of growth in comparison to the remainder of Brazil, made the Bahia lose participation in the national economy, going out from 4,2 % in 2005 for 4,1 % in 2006.
The rate of GDP of Bahia in 2006, according to Superintendent and Economic and Social Studies of Bahia, it was more a function of frustration in the performance of the crops of Bahia, which has suffered from an unfavorable situation inside (with irregular rains in the main regions producing grain and difficulties faced by farmers) and by the decline in prices of major agricultural commodities in international markets. With this scenario, there was a significant reduction in agricultural production that has
shrunk by more than 4% compared to the results observed in 2005.
Industry also slowed growth in previous years, mainly by the performance of the manufacturing industry which expanded just 0.7% in 2006 following the trend of Brazilian industry that has expanded 1.1% over the same period.
A relevant fact for 2006 was the recovery of the service sector, both in expansion of activity as in magnitude of value creation. There was a gain of participation in the service sector (61.5%) in aggregate value of its GDP, a trend that in the last three years.
Polo Industrial of Camaçari
The center began its operations in 1978. It is the first petrochemical complex planned in the country and is located in the County of Camaçari, 50 km from Salvador, capital of Bahia. Largest industrial integrated complex in the southern hemisphere, the Pole has more than 90 chemical companies, petrochemical and other industries as automotive, cellulose, copper metallurgy, textile, beverage and services.
With the attraction of new businesses to Bahia, the Industrial Complex of Camaçari experiencing new cycle of expansion, creating more jobs and income for the Northeast. The car production by Ford, in the Complex of Camaçari, consolidating the trend of diversification in the Industrial Complex and it enlarges the perspectives of integration of the petrochemical segment with the process industry.
Quality and productivity have been the recipe for expanding the activities of the Industrial Complex. Its economic importance can be measured by the greatness of their numbers. With a total investment exceeding 12 billion dollars and new investment of 4.3 billion by 2011, the pole has an installed capacity above 11.5 million ton / year of chemical products and basic petrochemicals, intermediates and final. The production segment chemical / petrochemical serves more than half of the country's needs.
The installed capacity to 220,000 tons of electrolytic copper, in both the metallurgy of copper and 250 thousand
vehicles per year in the automotive industry. The pole has sales of approximately R$ 15/billion/year and exports of US$ 2.3 billion per year, or approximately 35% of the total exported by the State of Bahia. Annually contributes over R$ 1 billion in VAT (ICMS- Tax circulations of goods and services) for the State of Bahia, accounting for more than 90% of tax revenues Complex. It employs 15,000 people directly and 20,000 people through contractors. Its participation in GDP of Bahia is more than 30%. Investment in social programs more than $ 13 million per year.
Integrated Development Polo - Western Bahia
The West Pole of Bahia, with an area of 46,078.7 km2 and a population of 244,616 inhabitants, is today one of the main centers of development of agroindustrial complex in the areas of the scrubland, with its central economic grain production. In this scenery, there stand out the sojicultura, fruit growing, the cultivation of cotton and the cattle-raising.
Thanks to his natural resources and competitive advantages that give dynamism to all to his area of influence, the West Campus of Bahia, formed by the municipalities of Barreiras, Correntina, Luis Eduardo Magalhaes, Riachão das Neves, Santa Maria da Vitória and São Desiderius, it disposes of other potentialities, which attract increasing investments from governments and private investors, domestic and foreign, such as expansion of irrigation and agro-industrial complex already installed, arable land of good quality and low cost for the production of rice, corn, soybeans, coffee and cotton supply of grains and meat for human consumption and industrial; the industrial processing of raw materials, advanced technologies for exploration of grains, coffee and cotton, available labor and farmers organized, great hydrological basin, with 32 perennial rivers, tributaries of the Rio Grande.
The access to the Pole happens through regular services of air and road transports, having an airport and paved roads linking the various locations.
The Pole also has a banking network well structured and diversified telecommunications services, including mobile services, TV station and AM and FM radio.
It still has, a relief plan, which provides the mechanization, and has areas suitable for irrigation.
It develops also complementary activities related to production and sale of machinery, equipment and implements, production and resales of inputs in general and those related to the industrialization of grain, cotton and use of plants and textile factories, warehouses, transport companies and trading companies.
Several other businesses appear to specialized consulting, project offices, laboratories of analysis of water, soil and leaf, mobile patrols, labor, marketing and others. In auxiliary activities are opportunities for hotels, restaurants and leisure facilities.
Pole of Tourism - Coast of the Discovery (Costa do Descobrimento)
Pole Coast of the Discovery, located to the south of the Bahia, has 8 municipalities benefiting 267 persons, corresponding to the resident population.
It is in the Coast of the Discovery that it begins the history of Brazil, with the arrival of Cabral in 1500 and the first mass carried out in the Coroa Vermelha, between the cities of Porto Seguro and Santa Cruz Cabrália.It’s also at this place where the concepts of history are joined, brazilianess and tropicalismo, integrating the Bahia and all Brazil in the details of his origins and in the natural beauties of the environment.
With its historical, cultural and natural heritage represented by its diversity ecosystems and a long coastline, the middle region is fit to offer the international tourist market a range of differentiated products of high quality, especially in terms of leisure tourism, cultural tourism and ecotourism.
The Pole Coast of the Discovery presents today opportunities for investments in infrastructure of support, training and tourist and cultural equipments, such as: bus terminals, waterworks and sewerage, electricity, telephone services, airports, terminals, waterways, hospitals and health facilities, hotel developments, convention center, theme parks, restaurants and activities to protect the environment.
The railroad system of the State of the Bahia makes part of the called Eastern/Centre Eastern National Privatization Program and covers three of the former Superintendency Regional Federal Railways SA, or SR2 (Belo Horizonte), SR7 (Salvador), and SR8 (Campos). This passage constitutes the principal railroad connection of the South-east Region with the Regions Northeast and Middle West of the country. The Bahia has two international airports: Salvador's airport (Deputy Luis Eduardo Magalhães) and it of Porto Seguro. The state also disposes of the regional airports. They stand out between them, those of Valença, Comandatuba, Lençois, Barreiras, Bom Jesus da Lapa, Guanambi, Vitória da Conquista and Paulo Afonso.
Source: Regional Accounts of Brazil - IBGE 2006/Banco of Northeast Brazil
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Source: Secretariat of Foreign Trade - Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade / Trade Balance by units of the Federation (2008)